Trajan's Markets, Rome Rome’s ancient “shopping center” known as Trajan’s Markets is remarkably well preserved and worth a visit. The complex Trajan’s Market, a large complex of warehouses, shops and offices where the Romans would gather to purchase goods and conduct business, was built between 107 and 110 AD by the Emperor Trajan’s favorite architect, Apollodorus of Damascus. Apollodorus was integral in designing the famous Forum which bears the emperor’s name and borders the market. Trajan’s Market was set into the side of Quirinal Hill and served to complete the forum. Apollodorus built a large monumental facade consisting of a half exedra bordered by a row of columns. At both ends were smaller exedras that were covered by a halve dome. Tabernae Historians believe that the upper level (Some additional levels were added during the Middle Ages) of this semi-circular brick and concrete market was used for offices from where the whole market place was managed. Adjacent to these offices was a large warehouse. It were the lower levels, however, that was the center of activity. There, merchants sold a variety of goods to the average Roman citizen, including wine, oil, fruits, vegetables, and other grocery items. These shops were called “tabernaes” and were barrel-vaulted cubicles with small windows and a large opening to the street. They were often decorated with mosaics depicting the wares in the shop.turkeyarena.com Also in the lower part of the market were two large halls, which were probably used for concerts, speeches or education. The roof of the market was meant to create light and space – fashioned as an arched concrete vault that sat on piers to allow sunlight to seep through into the shops while still protecting the shoppers from the weather. Architectural Wonder Once admired as one of the wonders of the ancient world, today Trajan’s Market is still considered one of the finest examples of Roman urban architecture.