Selcuk Efes Museum

Konusu 'İzmir' forumundadır ve GamZe tarafından 23 Ekim 2008 başlatılmıştır.

  1. GamZe Moderator

    Selçuk Efes Museum
    In 1929, a storehouse was established for the first time in Selçuk and the artifacts unearthed during the excavations and collected from the environs were brought to this storehouse. In 1964, the construction of the south section of the present museum was completed and the artifacts were begun to be exhibited. Since the museum consisting of a few halls was not enough for the findings unearthed every year during the excavations, the south section of the museum was constructed in 1976 and the exhibition areas were enlarged. Selçuk-Ephesus Museum is the most important and the richest museum of Europe with the artifacts it owns and with only the local artifacts it exhibits.

    Ephesus Museum Tel: (0 232 892 60 10 and 892 60 11) is a rich local museum with its very important findings for the Ephesus and Anatolian archeology the majority of which have been brought from the excavations in Ephesus, the Church of St. John, Belevi Mausoleum and the other historical sites in the vicinity. There are artifacts belonging to Mycenaean, Archaic, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantian and Turkish periods. However, the majority of the artifacts belong to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantian periods.

    Terrace Houses and the Hall Displaying the House Relics: The findings the majority of which belong to the Roman Age and which were found in the Terrace Houses which were excavated in the last 50 years, are exhibited in the first hall of the museum. On the left hand side are the plans and the excavation photographs of the houses and the artifacts related to medicine and cosmetic are on the first showcase. The house cult and the household utensils are on the second showcase. The most interesting of them is the glass tray. In the front is the Statue of Artemis the Hunter in the niche on the fresco wall brought from the corner ( of a house and next to it on the left hand side is the Head and the Fresco of Socrates. The bust of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius and the statuettes of the Fertility God Priapos and Bes are on the right hand side of the hall. Three of the most important findings of the museum are exhibited in the middle of the hall. One of them is Eros with Dolphin dated 2nd century AD. Another one is the statue of the Egyptian Priest. The last one is the Roman period copy of the head of the Eros statue of the famous Lysippos.

    The Hall of Fountain Relics: The relics uncovered during the excavations in the fountains of Pollio, Trajan and Laecanus in Ephesus are displayed in this hall. The bust of God Zeus and the statue of Aphrodite are located on the left hand side of the entrance. In the middle of the hall is the statue of the “Resting Warrior”. The statue of “Odysseus – Polyphemos” adorning the Pollio Fountain are on the left. The statue in front of them belongs to the Trajan Fountain. The former of them is Dionysos who leans on a trunk of a tree. Lying Satyr, Aphrodite who carries an oyster shell on her paunch and Androklos and his dog are the other statues. There is a series of busts on the right hand side of the hall. Next to them are the statues found in the Laecanus Bassus Fountain.

    The Hall of Currently-Found Relics: Some of the currently-found relics are displayed here for one or two years. There are Byzantian findings generally belonging to the Christianity Period are on the showcase which is located on the right hand side of the hall. Until the Roman Period the bee which is the symbol of Ephesus was on the front side and the holy deer of Artemis on the back side of the Ephesus coins. During the Roman Period, the pictures of the emperor and his relatives or their symbols were on the front side. The masks hung on the left wall were found in the theater. The masks used in the theater were made either of leather of wood. These masks which were made of stone were used for decorative purposes. The making of an Ephesus oil lamp is shown on the same wall by drawings. The Masked Eros, amphoras, the figure of Eros, the statue of Aphrodite, various busts ( and the bust of the comedian writer Menander are important artifacts of the hall. The only permanent artifact in the hall is the ivory frieze found in the Terrace Houses. The war of Trajan with the eastern barbarians and his preparations for this war are depicted in the frieze in 3 sections.

    The Garden: A beautiful garden which is in accordance with the local architecture was constructed in the museum. There are sarcophagi, graves, altars and inscriptions in the right side of the garden. The decoration of the sarcophagus belonging to the 2nd century AD is especially very interesting. Figures of Moses surround the sarcophagus. According to the inscription on its lid, it was reused during the Byzantian time. The graves and altars are exhibited on the western wall of the garden. The sundial in the middle is composed of a timescale which is in the shape of a half circle.

    The Hall of Grave Relics: The grave relics are displayed in this hall which has an entrance also from the garden. The burying customs in Anatolia are shown by drawings on the right wall. The small belongings uncovered from a Mycenaean grave which is located in front of the Church of St. John are on the first showcase on the left side. These belongings are dated to the 14-13th centuries BC and they are important for they prove that the history of Ephesus began before Androklos. On the other showcase, the glass belongings unearthed from the graves in Ephesus and in the vicinity are exhibited. The stelles are placed at the end of the hall where there are many sarcophagi and ostatechs.

    Artemis Hall: The statues of Artemis and the findings related to Artemis are exhibited here. The two beautiful Artemis statues are presented to the visitors in accordance with their fame. They were found by coincidence in Prythaneion and dated to the 1st century AD. The statue on the left is called “Great Artemis” and the statue in front of it is called “Beautiful Artemis”. The findings uncovered in the Temple of Artemis are displayed on the showcases. One of the horses of the chariot ( which had four horses and which adorned the altar of the Temple of Artemis is also in this hall.
    The Hall of the Cults and Portraits of the Emperor: Generally, here are the busts of the emperor and his families. The most striking point is that a cross was drawn on the foreheads of some busts. The statue on the right side of the entrance near the Artemis hall belongs to consul Stephanos. The original friezes of the same temple can be seen on the two sides of the picture of the Hadrian Temple on the left. The altar in the middle is one of the parts of the “U”-shaped altar of the Domitian Temple. Three sides of it have friezes. The found parts of the huge statue of the emperor Domitian are located in the exit of the hall. Also, the statue of Augustus and his wife Livia and some parts of the Parthian monument adorn this hall.



  2. GamZe Moderator

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