Englischer Garten, Munich History The Englischer Garten was created in the late 1700s when Archduke Carl Theodor took it upon himself to transform the city. One of his wishes was to develop a so-called “military garden”, designed to provide soldiers with information on agriculture and also give them a place to enjoy outdoor recreation. The public was given access to the gardens as well. The military gardens opened in 1789 and soon thereafter, Carl Theodor established Munich’s first public park to the east of the gardens. The park was named Theodore’s Park and was later changed to the English Garden. It opened in 1792. Eventually, the land that included the military gardens was added to the public park. What to See The words English Garden refer to the style of landscaping throughout the park; that is, a rather informal garden that was a popular style in the United Kingdom in the mid-18th to early 19th centuries. The park is larger than New York’s Central Park and is divided into 2 sections: the Hirschau, the northern section, is 3 kilometers long, and the southern portion measures 2 kilometers. The southern section of the park tends to be busier while the Hirschau is more peaceful. However, visitors do indeed flock to the two Beer Gardens located on either end of that particular section. Chinesischer Turm Designed to look like the Great Pagoda in London’s Royal Botanical Gardens, the Chinesischer Turm is a 25-meter-high structure similar to the beautiful porcelain pagodas in the gardens of the Chinese emperors. The tower, built at the end of the 18th century, was bombed during World War II and rebuilt to its original design. It houses Munich’s second largest beer garden. More Attractions The Kleinhesseloher Lake is also located in the English Garden. Within the lake, you’ll find three islands just waiting to be explored. Yet another beer garden is located beside the lake. There’s also a Japanese teahouse, built in 1972 to celebrate the summer Olympics. Traditional Japanese tea ceremonies are held hear regularly. You’ll also find the Monopteros, a small Greek-style temple in the garden, built in 1836, and an ornate children’s carousel.turkeyarena.com Don’t be surprised if you see nude sunbathers in the Englischer Garten. The area between the Japanese tea garden and Greek temple, nicknamed the Beautiful Meadow, has been a favorite spot for sunbathing in the raw since the 1960s.