Karolinenplatz, Munich Not Really a Square Though the German word “platz” (literally meaning place in English) usually refers to a “square,” Munich’s Karolinenplatz isn’t a four-sided shape at all. It’s actually shaped like a star, making it one of the most unique public spaces in Munich. It was constructed between 1809 and 1819, in accordance with the plans of Karl von Fischer, a renowned German architect who also designed Munich’s National Theatre. It is believed that Fischer modeled the star-shaped Karolinenplatz after the Place de l'Etoile in Paris (the site of the Arc de Triomphe) . The Monument The most notable feature of the Karolinenplatz is the tall monument which sits in its center. This obelisk was designed by Leo von Klenze, court architect to King Ludwig I. The architect was known for his love of Greek Revival design and also created the Residenz and the Ruhmeshalle in Munich. The obelisk was erected in 1833 and honors the more than 30,000 Bavarian soldiers who gave their lives in Napoleon’s 1812 campaign against Russia. It stands 29 meters (95 feet) high and consists of a number of metal plates made from melted down Bavarian cannons. Notable Nearby Buildings Most architecture buffs will tell you that the homes at the rear of the square are of particular note, as they were designed to fit the star shape of the Karolinenplatz. The building number 5 which once housed the Bruckmann family, home to a wealthy printer who introduced Adolf Hitler to the industrialists and bankers who provided substantial financial support for the dictator and his Nazi regime.turkeyarena.com The most notorious building in the neighborhood was the 'Braunes Haus' (Brown House) on the Brienner Strasse. This building, the former Barlow Palace, became the headquarters of the NSDAP’s Reichsleitung in 1930, the first of what would become a government quarter of the Nazi regime. The building was destroyed by an allied air bombing during World War II.